Spirit of geometry and spirit of finesse

Pascal, through his philosophy, also approaches scientific disciplines, making important considerations. In fact, according to him, human knowledge is always limited by the two abysses of infinity and nothingness, from which no man (and therefore no science) can prescind. Thought is, of course, finished, and those who have investigated nature have instead thought of being able to discover the first and last principles (ie the whole), but they are just at the "limit" of these infinite abysses (infinitely large and infinitely small ). Pascal, therefore, states that the world can only have limited, partial, but still valid knowledge. That said, it makes a substantial difference in the field of knowledge, that is, states that there are two possible forms of knowledge, which start from different foundations: the first is given by the so-called "spirit of geometry" ("esprit géométrique"), and is precisely scientific and analytical knowledge, obtained with perfectly geometric and rational procedures, albeit far from common use. The other form of knowledge is that given by the "spirit of finesse" (esprit de finesse), and it is the existential knowledge of man, of the motions of his soul, of the principles that govern his spiritual sphere; moreover it is of a synthetic type, this type of knowledge is addressed to the principles and phenomena of "common use" and manages to capture these phenomena in their entirety and complexity. Pascal says that the "spirit of geometry" is not sufficient to understand reality, since it does not come to understand the foundations of human existence, and it is so limited; in fact, every science that does not consider man is a useless, even harmful, science. To understand the existential themes of man we need instead the "heart", which for Pascal is nothing romantic or irrational, but it is the pulsating center of human interiority, the instrument of the "spirit of finesse". [15] Famous is his sentence:
"The heart has its reasons, which reason does not know […]. I say that the heart loves the universal Being naturally, and loves itself naturally, […] and hardens against one or the other, at its choice. […] »

(Blaise Pascal, Thoughts, 277)

Therefore, the heart does not act irrationally, but has precise procedures that follow another kind of "reason", different from "scientific reason". He also says, in three thoughts:
"It is the heart that feels God, and not the reason. And here is what faith is: God sensitive to the heart, and not to reason. "

(Blaise Pascal, Thoughts, 278)
"How far is there between our knowledge of God and love him! "

(Blaise Pascal, Thoughts, 280)
"We know the truth not only with reason, but also with the heart; and it is in this second way that we know the first principles, and uselessly the reasoning, which has no part, is the industry to fight them. […] »

(Blaise Pascal, Thoughts, 282)

However, Pascal does not endorse the "spirit of finesse" without the "spirit of geometry", because if the "spirit of geometry" without the "spirit of finesse" is sterile and vain, the "spirit of finesse" without the "spirit of geometry" is weak, and can not descend to the deeper and truer principles of man. Basically, for Pascal science and philosophy do not have two totally different directions, nor do they oppose each other, but they are the completion of the other. Pascal is therefore one of the first thinkers who tried to reconcile science (which is based on the "spirit of geometry") and faith (which is based on the "spirit of finesse"), placing the two complementary and necessary fields one other.

Ads

__ATA.cmd.push (function () {
__ATA.initSlot ('atatags-26942', {
collapseEmpty: 'before',
sectionId: '26942',
width: 300,
height: 250
});
});

__ATA.cmd.push (function () {
__ATA.initSlot ('atatags-114160', {
collapseEmpty: 'before',
sectionId: '114160',
width: 300,
height: 250
});
});

(function () {var c = function () {var a = document.getElementById ("crt-1090161466"); window.Criteo? (a.parentNode.style.setProperty ("display", "inline-block", " important "), a.style.setProperty (" display "," block "," important "), window.Criteo.DisplayAcceptableAdIfAdblocked ({zoneID: 388,248, containerid:" crt-1090161466 ", collapseContainerIfNotAdblocked:! 0, callifnotadblocked: function () {a.style.setProperty ( "display", "none", "important"); a.style.setProperty ( "visbility", "hidden", "important")}})) 🙁 a.style. setProperty ( "display", "none", "important"), a.style.setProperty ( "visibility", "hidden", "important"))}; if (window.Criteo) c (); else {if ( ! __ ATA.criteo.script) {var b = document.createElement ("script"); b.src = "http://static.criteo.net/js/ld/publishertag.js"; b.onload = function ( ) {for (var a = 0; a <__ ATA.criteo.cmd.length; a ++) {var b = __ ATA.criteo.cmd [a]; "function" === typeof b && b ()}}; (document. || document.getElementsByTagName head ( "head") [0]). appendChild (b); __ __ ATA.criteo.cmd.push ATA.criteo.script = b} (c)}}) ();

(function () {var c = function () {var a = document.getElementById ("crt-543602438"); window.Criteo? (a.parentNode.style.setProperty ("display", "inline-block", " important "), a.style.setProperty (" display "," block "," important "), window.Criteo.DisplayAcceptableAdIfAdblocked ({zoneID: 837,497, containerid:" crt-543602438 ", collapseContainerIfNotAdblocked:! 0, callifnotadblocked: function () {a.style.setProperty ( "display", "none", "important"); a.style.setProperty ( "visbility", "hidden", "important")}})) 🙁 a.style. setProperty ( "display", "none", "important"), a.style.setProperty ( "visibility", "hidden", "important"))}; if (window.Criteo) c (); else {if ( ! __ ATA.criteo.script) {var b = document.createElement ("script"); b.src = "http://static.criteo.net/js/ld/publishertag.js"; b.onload = function ( ) {for (var a = 0; a <__ ATA.criteo.cmd.length; a ++) {var b = __ ATA.criteo.cmd [a]; "function" === typeof b && b ()}}; (document. || document.getElementsByTagName head ( "head") [0]). appendChild (b); __ __ ATA.criteo.cmd.push ATA.criteo.script = b} (c)}}) ();

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>